The following references provide secondary sources about Charles “Teenie” Harris's life and work, divided into biographical materials, publications with Harris images, and exhibition history. Lifetime references to Harris in the Pittsburgh Courier are too numerous to cite here but can be accessed through subscription to ProQuest Historical Newspapers-Black Newspapers collection and on microfilm (Pittsburgh Courier, Pittsburgh, PA: Pittsburgh Courier Publishing Co., 1910–1966, and the New Pittsburgh Courier, Pittsburgh, PA: New Pittsburgh Courier Publishing Co., 1966– ).

Sources about Teenie Harris (alphabetical by author)

Associated Press. "Extensive Effort to Recover Photos Culminates in Exhibit: Westmoreland Museum Honors 'Teenie' Harris' Life Profession." Valley News Dispatch, February 26, 2001.

Associated Press. "Two Pittsburgh Men Receive National Honors. 'Unsung Heroes' Documented Black Culture." Valley News Dispatch, June 24, 2001.

Bailey, Dave. "Photographic Treasure from Charles 'Teenie' Harris: Stunning Negro League Images among Thousands of Negatives that Span His Four-Decade Career." Sports Collectors Digest, April 2, 2004.

Benedict-Jones, Linda, and Charlee Brodsky. Pittsburgh Revealed: Photographs since 1850. Pittsburgh: Carnegie Museum of Art, 1997. Exhibition catalog.

Bererot, Frank. We Want Miles: Miles Davis vs. Jazz. New York: Skira Rizzoli, 2010.

Bolden, Frank, Edna McKenzie, and Louise Lippincott. Interview about Teenie Harris by Chris Moore. Black Horizons, WQED Television, summer 1997.

Burgess, Shawna. "Charles 'Teenie' Harris Dies at 89." New Pittsburgh Courier, June 17, 1998.

Byrd, Jerry. "Heyday on the Hill." Pittsburgh Press Sunday Magazine, March 1, 1987, 5–12.

———. "Pitt to Restore 40,000 Hill Photos." Pittsburgh Press, October 17, 1986.

Campbell, Paulette W. "Documenting Pittsburgh's Past: A Photographer Captures Day-to-Day Life in an African American Community." Humanities: The Magazine of the National Endowment for the Humanities 27 (March/April 2006): 22–25.

"Carnegie Acquires the Negatives of Charles 'Teenie' Harris." Antiques and the Arts Online, January 1, 2002.–01–01__13–08–11.html

"Carnegie Presents Never-Before-Seen Images from 'Teenie' Harris." New Pittsburgh Courier, February 22–28, 2006.

Carrier, David. "Charles 'Teenie' Harris, Westmoreland Museum of American Art." Artforum International 39, no. 9 (May 2001): 180.

"Charles 'Teenie' Harris: Pittsburgh Courier Photographer." Lincoln Center Theater Review 48 (Spring 2009): 3.

"CMA Receives $348,885 for Teenie Harris Project." New Pittsburgh Courier, April 18–24, 2007.

Cochran, Rebekah. "Protect Your Intellectual Property: What 'Teenie' Harris Didn't Do When Selling His Intellectual Property Was to Seek Legal Advice." New Pittsburgh Courier, June 3, 2000.

Conley, Patti. "Teenie's Big Impact." Beaver County Times, July 23, 2009.

Costanzo, Gerald. Review of One Shot Harris: The Photographs of Charles "Teenie" Harris, by Stanley Crouch. Western Pennsylvania History 87, no. 4 (Winter 2004): 53–54.

"Courier's 'One Shot' Was One of a Kind." New Pittsburgh Courier, July 2–8, 2008.

Crouch, Stanley. One Shot Harris: The Photographs of Charles "Teenie" Harris. New York: Abrams, 2002.

Donalson, Al. "Teenie Harris' World: The Life and Times of the Great Pittsburgh Photographer." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, October 3, 1998.

Dyer, Ervin. "Harris' Photos Open a Window to Growing up Black in the Area." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, May 26, 2006.

———. "Museum Seeks Public Help to Identify People Photographed by 'Teenie' Harris." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, July 3, 2003.

———. "Solving an Identity Crisis: Museum Visitors Help to Document History as They Spot Faces in 'Teenie' Harris Photos." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, March 5, 2006.

———. "Unsung Heroes. Reporter Bolden, Photographer Harris to be Honored Tonight." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, June 23, 2001.

Evans, Patrick. "Photographer's Timing, Talent Produced Chronicle of Life on the Hill." Pittsburgh Tribune-Review Focus, July 11, 1993.

"Exposing Black History." Pitt Magazine, March 1987.

"Family Receives Harris Photos." New Pittsburgh Courier, May 10, 2000.

Fleetwood, Nicole R. Troubling Vision: Performance, Visuality, and Blackness. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2011.

Foster, Pamela E. "Local Artists Denounce Airport Art Project." New Pittsburgh Courier, July 29, 1989.

Guenther, David. "Lost History: Teenie Harris' Photo Collection is a Pittsburgh Treasure—Can We Keep It Here?" In Pittsburgh, April 20–26, 1988, 22–24.

Guidry, Nate. "Harris Images Chronicle an Era on the Hill." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, November 3, 2002.

Harris, Charles A. "Teenie," Henry J. Simonds, Kenneth Love, Linda Benedict-Jones, and Cynthia E. Kernick. Spirit of a Community: The Photographs of Charles "Teenie" Harris. Greensburg, PA: Westmoreland Museum of American Art, 2001. Exhibition catalog.

"Harris Collection." OnQ Magazine, WQED Television, February 20, 2002.

"Harris Collection." OnQ Magazine, WQED Television, February 15, 2006.

"Harris Photo Exhibit Lauded." New Pittsburgh Courier, July 19, 1986.

Haynes, Monica L. "Men We Cherish: Exceptional Black Husbands, Fathers and Friends Get Some Overdue Strokes." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, October 16, 1997.

"Hill District: Injunction on Photos Denied." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, November 20, 1998.

"Hill District: Photographer Sues over Work." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, April 9, 1998.

"Hill House Display Exhibits 'Highlights of the Hill.'" This Week in Pittsburgh, February 13, 1987.

Holland, Daniel. "Unearthing the Relics of Black History." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, April 1, 1992.

Hopper, Justin. "Just Carryin' On." Pittsburgh City Paper, July 25–August 1, 2007, 36.

———. "The Revelatory Carryin' On Showcases Teenie Harris' Photos of Queer Nightlife in the Mid-century Hill District." Pittsburgh City Paper, July 26, 2007.

Hsu, Leo. "Spotlight Teenie Harris." Foto8, The Photography Biannual 23 (Spring 2008): 16–17.

Isenberg, Robert. "Dress Codes." Pittsburgh City Paper, December 10–17, 2008.

Johnson, C. Denise. "100 Years of Charles "Teenie" Harris Celebrated." New Pittsburgh Courier, July 2–8, 2008.

———. "Several Historic Shots by 'One Shot' Highlight Centennial." New Pittsburgh Courier, July 9–15, 2008.

Johnson, L. A. "Out on the Town: Teenie Harris Exhibit Captures a Rare Glimpse of Gay Life." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, July 26, 2007.

Jones, Barbara L. "Spirit of a Community: The Photographs of Charles 'Teenie' Harris." Viewer, newsletter of the Westmoreland Museum of American Art, Winter/Spring 2001.

Jones, Diana Nelson. "A Day Like That in a Town Like This." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, October 9, 1997.

Karamcheti, Deepak. "Harris Photos Go on Exhibit." New Pittsburgh Courier, September 10, 1997.

Karlovits, Bob. "Harris' Images Capture Everything from Sports Heroes to Everyday Life." Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, February 3, 2001.

———. "Love on Film: Independent Filmmaker Takes His Best Shot with Teenie Harris Project." Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, February 3, 2001.

Kelley, Robin D. G. "Charles 'Teenie' Harris: Portraits of the Hill." In Family History Memory: Recording African American Life, edited by Deborah Willis. New York: Hylas, 2005.

Kimbel, Eric. "Teenie Harris Captured the Black History of Pittsburgh." New Pittsburgh Courier, June 16, 1993.

Kinzer, Stephen. "Black Life, in Black and White." New York Times, February 7, 2001.

———. "Opening an Album of Black Street Life." International Herald Tribune, February 24–25, 2001.

———. "Photographs of Black Life Go to Pittsburgh Museum." New York Times, December 21, 2001.

Klopfer, Milt. "Black Heritage: Pittsburgh Courier Photographer Depicts 40 Years of 'Living History.'" Pitt News, September 22, 1986.

"Laurels for a Lensman. Teenie Harris' Photographs Find a Local Home." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, December 21, 2001.

Lawson, Kyle. "Leaders Aim to Restore Life of Hill District Jazz Scene." Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, December 28, 2008.

Love, Kenneth, dir. One Shot: The Life and Work of Charles "Teenie" Harris. Pittsburgh: Kenneth Love Productions, 2001. Film.

Lowry, Patricia. "Picturing Pittsburgh: Two-Year Collaboration Makes Century of Images Available Online." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, December 21, 2004.

Margolis, Lynne. "Black Artists Who Defied Stereotypes: Exhibits Chronicle Photographer Charles 'Teenie' Harris and Artist Romare Bearden." Christian Science Monitor, October 3, 2003.

Martin, Mary. "Photographer's Work Documented African-American Life in Pittsburgh." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, February 23, 2000.

McCoy, Adrian. "History in Black and White: Photos Celebrate Black History Month." In Pittsburgh, February 25, 1987.

McNulty, Timothy. "Carnegie Launches Online Search of Art Collection." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, September 26, 2006.

Mervis, Scott. "Pittsburgh is Now Rated Hip Town U.S.A." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, March 14, 1993.

———. "Through Teenie's Lens." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette Weekend, September 19, 1997.

Miller, Donald. "Charles H. Harris, Photographer Who Chronicled Black Experience." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, June 13, 1998.

———. "Eye on the Hill from the '30s to the '50s." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette Magazine, June 27, 1986.

———. "A Huge 'Teenie' Collection. Carnegie Acquires 4,500 Prints by Black Photographer." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, March 11, 1997.

———. "The Image Makers: Teenie Harris's Photos Are Hot—But He's Reaping Little Benefit from Their Sales." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette Magazine, March 16, 1997.

———. "Photos of Black Experience Pack an Emotional Wallop." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, March 11, 1997.

Morrow, Christian. "Carnegie Purchases Harris Photos: Museum to Exhibit Historic Collection." New Pittsburgh Courier, December 15, 2001.

———. "'One Shot' Award Winners Honored: Works Hang Next to Harris Photos at Carnegie." New Pittsburgh Courier, July 29–August 4, 2009.

———. "Oral History Campaign Helps Identify Harris Photos." New Pittsburgh Courier, August 26, 2003.

"Museum Acquires Photos from Courier." Pittsburgh Tribune Review, March 14, 1997.

"NEH Grant to Carnegie to Support Teenie Harris Archive." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, April 12, 2007.

Nelson, Stanley, dir. The Black Press: Soldiers without Swords. Chicago: A Half Nelson Production/WTTT Television, 1999. Film.

Nephin, Dan. "Mysteries of Pittsburgh: Teenie Harris Archive Project Documents Local Black History." Beaver County Times, February 4, 2004.

———. "Teenie's Times: Project Puts Names to Faces in Photographer's Vast Archive." Beaver County Times, January 25, 2004.

"New Photography Exhibition on Charles 'Teenie' Harris at Middlebury College: Screening of Award Winning Film Set for January 15." Antiques and the Arts Weekly, January 11, 2002.

Norman, Tony. "Haiku on the Hill." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, February 15, 2000.

———. "Harris' Photos Finally Acquire the Color of Money." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, December 18, 2002.

———. "Virtuoso with the Camera." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, September 30, 2003.

Norrell, Debbie. "Carryin' On." New Pittsburgh Courier, September 5–11, 2007.

O'Driscoll, Bill. "One Shot: The Life and Work of Teenie Harris." Pittsburgh City Paper, February 7–14, 2001.

"One Shot." Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, February 12, 2001.

"'One Shot Harris.'" Pittsburgh Homewood Brushton News, February 25, 1987.

Ove, Torsten. "Harris' Estate Awarded $5.3 Million for Photos." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, March 22, 2000.

———. "Lawyers Try to Figure out How to Return Photographs." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, March 24, 2000.

Petrucelli, Alan W. "A Fresh Look: East End Tour Keeps Photographer's Legacy in Focus." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, November 24, 2008.

Pittsburgh Public Theater. "Pittsburgh's Hill District." Public, June–July 1997.

"Pittsburgh to Prague—A Photographic Link." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, December 9, 2009.

Pitz, Marylynne. "Grant to Preserve Photojournalist's Trove of Images: Art Museum to Digitally Scan over 33,000 Negatives." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, March 18, 2005.

———. "Hearing Opens on Dispute over Photos." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, June 30, 1998.

———. "No Profit-Sharing Deal Struck, Man Says." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, July 17, 1998.

Potter, Chris. "Sensory Perception: Giving Vision and Voice." Pittsburgh City Paper, February 16–February 23, 2000.

Prime, Rebecca. "'Teenie' Harris Gets His Due." Photo District News (May 2003): 243–44.

Proctor, Ralph. "The World through the Eyes of Charles 'Teenie' Harris." Pennsylvania Heritage 36 (Spring 2010): 14–23.

Proctor, Ralph, et al. Pittsburgh circa 1930 to 1970: Photographs by Charles "Teenie" Harris. Pittsburgh: Silver Eye Center for Photography and the Kingsley Association, 1997. Exhibition catalog.

Rawson, Chris. "On Stage: Recognizing the Bards of the Hill." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, February 12, 2001.

Reynolds, Christopher. "Mr. Wilson's Neighborhood." Los Angeles Times, July 27, 2003.

Rouvalis, Christina. "An Equal Opportunity Lens." Carnegie Magazine 73, no. 2 (Summer 2009): 22–27.

Saffron, Jen. "Pittsburgh to Prague: Artists and Activists Connect." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette Blog , posted March 16, 2010.

Schlatter, N. Elizabeth. Review of One Shot Harris: The Photographs of Charles "Teenie" Harris, by Stanley Crouch. Photovision (July/August 2003): 10–11.

Schmeichel, Susan K. "Photographer's 'Vision' on Exhibit." Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, January 29, 2000.

Sears Roebuck and Company. He's a Black Man! Radio series. Pittsburgh: Sears Public Affairs Department, c. 1972–1973; commemorative publication, March 1973.

Seate, Mike. "Teenie's Old Photographs Worth More than Money." Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, March 30, 2000.

Shaw, Kurt. "Carnegie Takes Another Dip into Harris' Image Trove." Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, September 13, 2009.

———. "Photographic Memory: Charles 'Teenie' Harris Exhibit Opens Window into Hill District's Past." Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, February 9, 2003. Reprinted Valley News Dispatch, February 22, 2003.

Shearing, Graham. "An American Original: The Work of Teenie Harris." Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, February 25, 2001.

Siegel, Stephanie. "Carnegie Museum Seeks Jewish Community to Help Archive Photos." Jewish Chronicle 43 (July 24, 2003): 1, 25.

Simonds, Lea. "A Way to Make Some Money." Creative Nonfiction 15 (2000): 157–74.

"Spirit of a Community: The Photographs of Charles 'Teenie' Harris." AAA Motorist, February 2001.

Stanley, Max. "Photographer Teenie Harris." State College Magazine (February 2002): 35.

"Teenie Harris Award: Teenie, Friends & Supporters Celebrate." Silver Eye Newsletter 6, no. 3 (January 1998).

"Teenie Harris' Photographs on Display at Carnegie." New Pittsburgh Courier, March 22, 1997.

"'Teenie' Harris Photos of Children Focus of 'Looking Forward.'" New Pittsburgh Courier, May 3–9, 2006.

"Teenie Harris Voted to NABJ Hall of Fame." New Pittsburgh Courier, May 4–8, 2005.

Thomas, Lillian. "Inventory of a Legacy." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, May 8, 2000.

Thomas, Mary. "Art Review: Pitt Show Frames Snippet of Local Black History." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, March 8, 2006.

———. "Company Fuses Teenie Harris Images with Dance in 'One Shot.'" Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, April 29, 2009.

———. "Museum Gets Charles 'Teenie' Harris Images." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, December 18, 2001.

———. "Photos at an Exhibition." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, March 18, 2001.

———. "Teenie Harris Archive Yields Another Fine Show." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, July 15, 2009.

———. "Youths Follow in 'Teenie' Footsteps." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, July 15, 2009.

"Timeless Pictures Grant Will Help Preserve Teenie Harris' Legacy." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, March 28, 2005.

Turner, Rollo. "Charles 'Teenie' Harris." Pennsylvania Ethnic Heritage Studies Center Bulletin, 1987.

Uricchio, Marylynn. "In and Out of Fashion." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, January 30, 1990.

Valentine, Matt. "Teenie Harris Now and Then." Pulp, September 25, 2003.

———. "Teenie Harris Project: Tim Stevens." Pulp, October 9, 2003.

———. "Teenie Harris Project: Tom Strawder." Pulp, October 30, 2003.

Venkatasubban, Sharmilla. "Photo ID: Carnegie Museum Stirs up Memories for Teenie Harris Captioning Project." Pittsburgh City Paper, July 3, 2003.

Vranish, Jane. "Dance, Jazz and Teenie Harris Photos Tell Story of the Hill in 'One Shot.'" Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, May 4, 2009.

Ware, Kamau. Looking Forward: Images of Children by Charles "Teenie" Harris. Pittsburgh: August Wilson Center for African American Culture, 2006. Exhibition catalog.

Wartzman, Rick. "An Old Photographer's Treasure Trove." Wall Street Journal, June 15, 1988.

Watson, Walter Ray Jr. "'Teenie' Harris's Life in Pictures." New Pittsburgh Courier, February 28, 1987.

Webb, Genea. "One Shot: The Life and Work of Teenie Harris." New Pittsburgh Courier, February 3, 2001.

"Well-Known Photographer Let Pictures Do His Talking." Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, June 13, 1998.

"Westmoreland County Museum Honors 'Teenie' Harris." New Pittsburgh Courier, January 19, 2002.

"What Are 80,000 Pictures Worth?" Carnegie Magazine, Summer 2005, 7.

"What's Developing: The Harris Archive…Is One of the Most Complete Portraits of the Urban Experience of Black Americans Ever Created." B&W Magazine 18 (April 2002): 30.

Willis, Deborah. Black Photographers, 1940–1988: An Illustrated Bio-Bibliography. New York: Garland Publishing, 1985.

———. Posing Beauty: African American Images from the 1890s to the Present. New York: W. W. Norton and Company, 2009.

———. Reflections in Black: A History of Black Photographers 1840 to the Present. New York: W. W. Norton, 2000.

Wilson, Ellen. "Documenting Our Past: The Teenie Harris Archive Project." Carnegie Magazine, July–August 2003, 32–33.

———. "Filling in the Blanks: The Teenie Harris Archive Project Continues." Carnegie Magazine, January–February 2004, 14–19.

Yourse, Robyn-Denise. "Exhibit Looks at a Half-Century of Work." Beaver County Times Magazine, February 9, 1996, 5.

Ziaukas, Tim. "Priceless Pictures: Teenie Harris Put a Page of American History on Film. But His 100,000 Images Are in Danger of Disappearing Forever." Pittsburgh Magazine, November 1993, 47–51.

Zurawsky, Christopher. "Fighting over Teenie Treasures." Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, March 6, 2000.

———. "Teenie's Heirs get $4 Million. Judge Might Return Photographs." Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, March 22, 2000.

Sources Containing Teenie Harris Images (alphabetical by author)

Allen, Danielle S. Talking to Strangers: Anxieties of Citizenship since Brown v. Board of Education. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2004.

Allison, Eric W., and Lauren Peters. Historic Preservation and the Livable City. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2011.

Baszile, Jennifer. "Photography." New York Times Review of Books, December 6, 2009, 44.

Bell, Ryan Corbett. The Ambulance: A History. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 2009.

Black, Samuel W., ed. Soul Soldiers: African Americans and the Vietnam Era. Pittsburgh: Senator John Heinz History Center, 2006.

Black, Samuel, Nicholas Ciotola, and Emily Ruby. "Adventures in Innovation, 1920–1945." Western Pennsylvania History 92, no. 1 (Spring 2009): 40–51.

Brewer, John M., Jr. Black America Series: African Americans in Pittsburgh. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing, 2006.

———. Images of America: Pittsburgh Jazz. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing, 2007.

Bruce, Aubrey. "Ebony and Ivory." New Pittsburgh Courier, January 25–31, 2006.

Buckley, Gail Lumet. The Hornes: An American Family. New York: Plume, 1986.

DeVeaux, Scott. The Birth of Bebop: A Social and Musical History. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997.

Dyer, Ervin. "Gloria G. Giddens, Aug. 10, 1925–Dec. 1, 2006: Fashion Leader, Model Who Owned Salons in Hill District." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, December 5, 2006, A-15.

———. "Power in Black and White." Pitt Magazine, Winter 2010, 18–23.

———. "Vivian Ann Davidson Hewitt, Collector of African American Art." Western Pennsylvania History 93, no. 4 (Winter 2010): 6–8.

East End/East Liberty Historical Society. Images of America: Pittsburgh's East Liberty Valley. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing, 2008.

Edney, Hazel Trice. "King's Son, Others Warn on His Birthday: Don't Be Mystified by Historic Presidential Campaign." New Pittsburgh Courier, January 16–22, 2008.

Eig, Johnathan. Opening Day: The Story of Jackie Robinson's First Season. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2007.

Evans, Pat. "Two Sides of the Same Coin: Gray Eyes Was a Numbers Runner with a Mean Streak, Mason Was a Cop Who Shot to Kill." Pulp, February 19–26, 2004, 8–10.

Fullilove, Mindy Thompson. Root Shock: How Tearing Up City Neighborhoods Hurts America, and What We Can Do About It. New York: One World/Ballantine Books, 2004.

Glasco, Larry [Laurence]. "Black Radio in Pittsburgh: Search for Identity and Profits." New Pittsburgh Courier, June 17–23, 2009.

Glasco, Laurence. "That Arena on the Hill: The Complex Legacy for Black Pittsburghers." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, July 4, 2010.

Goode, Eric. Moral Panics: The Social Construction of Deviance. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009.

Harvith, John. "Pitt-Sponsored Fly Boys Has World Premiere Screening Feb. 1." Pitt Chronicle, January 28, 2008, 1, 4.

Hayden, Cara. "Love's Palette." Pitt Magazine, Summer 2010, 26–31.

Hayes, Harold. "Crawford Grill." OnQ Magazine, WQED Television, February 13, 2007.

Himes, Chester. The End of a Primitive. New York: W. W. Norton, 1997.

Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania. Beyond Adversity: African-Americans' Struggle for Equality in Western Pennsylvania, 1750–1990. Pittsburgh: Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania, 1993.

Hoover, Bob. "The Place to Be—1900 to 1919: Music Halls and Amusement Parks." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, April 18, 2004.

Johnson, Ashley. "Where Do We Go from Here? Yesterday's Struggles and Triumphs Are a Roadmap for Tomorrow." New Pittsburgh Courier, January 16–22, 2008.

Kalson, Sally. "FROGS, Started 100 Years ago by Western Pa. African-American Men, Has Stayed True to Its Original Mission." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, August 6, 2010.

Lanctot, Neil. Negro League Baseball: The Rise and Ruin of a Black Institution. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2004.

Lawson, Kyle. "Leaders Aim to Restore Life to Hill District Jazz Scene." Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, December 28, 2008.

Lee, Deborah A. Honoring Their Paths: African American Contributions along the Journey through Hallowed Ground. Waterford, VA: The Journey through Hallowed Ground Partnership, 2009.

Lester, Larry, and Sammy J. Miller. Black America Series: Black Baseball in Pittsburgh. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing, 2001.

MacDonald, Sam. "Keystone Cuisine: Crawford Grill." Western Pennsylvania History 89, no. 4 (Winter 2006–07): 12–15.

McClean, Tony. "'Brain-Dead' Journalists and Why We Must Remain Vigilant." New Pittsburgh Courier, August 10–14, 2005.

———. "Courier Played Key Role in Negro League All-Star Classic." New Pittsburgh Courier, July 5–11, 2006.

Morrow, Christian. "Not Much Accomplished in Economic Arena since Dr. King's Death." New Pittsburgh Courier, January 18, 2004.

———. "Still Fighting for Our Rights: NAACP Celebrates 100 Years." New Pittsburgh Courier, February 11–17, 2009.

Olivier, Charles. Brooklyn Dodgers: The Ghosts of Flatbush. Hollywood: HBO Sports/Major League Baseball Productions, 2007. Film.

Palm, Kristin. "The Jazz Messenger: A Boarded-Up Theater in Pittsburgh's Hill District Holds the Key to Community: Collective Memory." Metropolis, February 2001, 34, 96.

"Pennsylvania, African Americans, and Civil Rights." Pennsylvania Legacies: Historical Society of Pennsylvania 10, no. 2 (November 2010).

Pittsburgh Tribune-Review Staff. Inside the Igloo. Pittsburgh: Trib Total Media, 2010.

Pitz, Marylynne. "The Place to Be—1920 to 1939: From Speakeasies to Harlem Nights." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, April 18, 2004.

Ratcliff, Ben. New York Times Essential Library, Jazz: A Critic's Guide to the 100 Most Important Recordings. New York: Times Books, Henry Holt, 2002.

Real Times News Service. "Where Do We Go from Here? Beyond Iraq on Martin Luther King Day." New Pittsburgh Courier, January 16–22, 2008.

Rosenwald, Mike. "The BOLD(en) Story." Pitt Magazine, September 1999, 31–35.

Ruck, Rob. Raceball: How the Major Leagues Colonized the Black and Latin Game. Boston: Beacon Press, 2011.

Rutkoff, Peter, and Will Scott. Fly Away: The Culture of the Great African American Migrations. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2008.

Sims, Kenneth M. The Voice. Self-published, 1980.

Smith, Eric Leddell. "Testing the Waters: Integrating Pittsburgh's Public Pools." At the Museum, Winter 2003.

Steel Industry Heritage Corporation. Routes to Roots: Discover the Cultural Industrial Heritage of Southwestern Pennsylvania. Homestead, PA: Steel Industry Heritage Corporation, 2004.

Stephenson, Sam. "Sonny Clark." Paris Review Daily, January 13, 2011.

Thompson, Kathleen, and Hilary Mac Austin, eds. America's Children: Picturing Childhood from Early America to the Present. New York: W. W. Norton, 2003.

Togyer, Jason. For the Love of Murphy's: The Behind-the-Counter Story of a Great American Retailer. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2008.

Toler, Sonya M. "Did We Fight for the Wrong Thing?" New Pittsburgh Courier, January 18, 2004.

Trotter, Joe W., and Jared N. Day. Race and Renaissance: African Americans in Pittsburgh since World War II. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2010.

Trotter, Joe William Jr., and Eric Ledell Smith, eds. African Americans in Pennsylvania: Shifting Historical Perspectives. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1997.

Tye, Larry. Satchel: The Life and Times of an American Legend. New York: Random House, 2008.

Zelevansky, Lynn. Director's Choice: Carnegie Museum of Art. London: Scala, 2010.